How to Choose a Bench Saw for Cutting Wood

An endless saw is an ideal tool for working with wood contours, but it is also useful for straight cuts. Among the advantages of the bandsaw is the efficient way to cut, as it has from one to several blades. With a bandsaw, you can cut a block of wood by extracting several pieces at the same time.

What is a Bench Endless Saw?

Band saw is a handy tool when it comes to making cuts with pieces of large material, as you can work with freehand shapes and design figures according to the artistic talent you have, or the specific shape you need.

The primary element of the bandsaw is an arched steel band with teeth at the edges. When the saw starts to work, this band moves non-stop and having contact with the wood as it cuts. It's up to you to form it the way you want.

Band saw working

It is important to note that this bench saw is having a high demand, given the utility it offers in carpentry, furniture manufacturing industries, joinery, as well as individual workshops and do-it-yourself professionals.

The backbone of the endless saw is the toothed tape, which is kept on a continuous movement at high speed and cuts the wood adapting to the shape, i.e., can be forming the cutting line to your liking.

Among the main functions that make it stand out from other similar tools are:

  • A considerable saving of wood given the ergonomics of the band saw.
  • The finish of the cut will be prodigious and almost artistic, depending on your need.
  • The teeth will retain their sharpness for much longer.
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    It has a tolerance and more intense working endurance than other machines.
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    It cuts a great variety of wood, as well as agglomerates and laminates.
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    Stability when working, with a maximum cut of up to 165 mm.

There is a wide variety of band saws, which can be classified by their teeth. Here are some of the characteristics that differentiate them:

  • The tooth is the part that cuts.
  • The width of the tip of the tooth at the end of the blade varies in models and functions; a saw without an end to cut small wood to give form is different than the one to cut blocks of specific resistant lumber.
  • The teeth are sorted by inches and orientation.
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    The back of the tooth, which is the opposite side to the cutting edge also varies in each model.
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    The tooth pitch, i.e., the distance between one tooth and another, is also variable.

Within the classifications of teeth, their shapes are measured in inches. There are two types of teeth:

  • Natural step – the constant distance between a tooth and a tooth allows a cut with higher intensity. The dental route is continuous.
  • Variable pitch – these are repeated at regular intervals along the saw, its advantage is that it reduces vibration at the time of cutting which gives greater accuracy.

There is also another classification within the gearing:

  • Regular setting – the teeth are in sets of three (left, right and straight).
  • Variable setting – the teeth go from left to right in groups of 5 or 7.
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    Set of pairs – one pair of teeth on the left and another pair on the right.
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    Wave shape – the teeth are very fine.

For wood, it is recommended to use regular teeth.

Types of Bench Saw

  • Bi-metal
  • High Carbon Saw
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    Tungsten carbide band saw

Ideal for cutting woods are high carbon and bi-metal. The latter is ideal for hard-to-reach cuts such as rubber.

Woodcutting using a bench saw

How to Choose a Suitable Bandsaw

When purchasing a bandsaw, the user must know exactly the applications and uses that the device will have to ensure the proper functioning of it.

Bandsaw according to its application:

The blade of a sawing machine is a neural element for its operation. First, take into account the blades indicated for each working mode.

We present some selection parameters:

When working on wood, whether ornamental or curved, with a radius of 1:8°, then the diameter of the blade should be 3mm; if a radius of 5:16° is required, the recommended diameter for the saw is 8mm; and if the radius of application is approximately 1.1/2°, a saw of 16 mm is the best option.

Meanwhile, if you are looking to make any other type of cut between 1 to 3 mm, the tool should be equipped with a dentition (DPP) of 33; for finishes between 2 to 5 mm, the ideal dentition is 24; while in jobs that require a cut of 4 to 7 mm and 6 to 10 mm.

How to Choose a Bench Saw for Cutting Wood
Article Name
How to Choose a Bench Saw for Cutting Wood
An endless saw is an ideal tool for working with wood contours, but it is also useful for straight cuts. With a bandsaw, you can cut a block of wood by extracting several pieces at the same time.
Publisher Name
Jack Noelsson
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